The bronze age gave way to the Iron age, and on the Greek peninsula
a unique culture began to grow and thrive. By 500BC, that society had
developed into the culture we call Greece.
Greek culture centered around balance and beauty. The art, most
notably the literature, produced by the early Greeks impacted the
centuries that came after them. Homer the blind poet composed the
Iliad and Odyssey which are acknowledged as the greatest epic
poems of all time. The figures sculpted in this period also represent a
growing understanding of the human form and the way it moved.
Greek culture was, however, not completely passive and artistic.
Greece was organized as a series of Polis or city-states. Each
city state operated on a semi-democratic system. Between city
states, however, fierce competition existed, and war often broke
out. An outside threat appeared at the beginning of the 5th
century BC, and between 490 and 479 BC, the Greeks waged
war against the Persians. In 479, they emerged triumphant,
bolstering their confidence, and assuring the security of their culture.
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