Classified as the second age of man (following the Paleolithic), the Neolithic period represents a change in lifestyle and mentality in human culture.  During this period, societies moved from  hunting-gathering to a more established farming society.  Animal husbandry (domestication) progressed, and the bronze age encouraged trade among different tribes and regions. It is during this era that the first cities are formed.

Like the Paleolithic era, little is known about the Neolithic era and its peoples.