The earliest ages of man are known as prehistory, because our
Based on artifacts and guesswork, however, archaeologists and
historians divide prehistory into two time periods: Paleolithic and
Neolithic. The Paleolithic period is said to represent the dawning of
culture and civilization. Men (and women) are believed to have
roamed the earth in bands, hunting animals and gathering whatever
herbs and fruit grew in that area. For obvious reasons, this culture
is called a hunting-gathering society. Two major discoveries --
The Venus of Willendorf and the Lascaux Cave Paintings define our
knowledge of the era.
The Neolithic era is believed to have brought about notable
changes in the human way of life. Hunting-gathering societies began
to settle in specific areas as agriculture advanced and animals were
domesticated. Pottery was more widely used, and bronze tools
replaced stone ones, allowing wide expansion.